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Wednesday, Sept. 11th 2019

Apple’s Fall Operating System Release Dates #

There were a lot of different dates thrown around yesterday at Apple's iPhone Event. I collected all of the OS release dates that they announced in the table below.

OS Release Date
iOS 13 September 19, 2019
watchOS 6 September 19, 20191
iOS 13.1 September 30, 2019
iPadOS2 September 30, 2019
tvOS September 30, 2019
macOS 10.15 Catalina October 2019
HomePod ?

1 watchOS 6 will be available later this fall for Apple Watch Series 1 and 2
2 I'm unsure if this is iPadOS 13.0 or 13.1. I would assume 13.1.

Monday, Aug. 12th 2019

Verge: The US Navy will replace its touchscreen controls with mechanical ones on its destroyers #

The Verge:

The US Navy will replace the touchscreen throttle and helm controls currently installed in its destroyers with mechanical ones starting in 2020

The move comes after the National Transportation Safety Board released an accident report from a 2017 collision, which cites the design of the ship’s controls as a factor in the accident.

The NTSB report calls out the configuration of the bridge’s systems, pointing out that the decision to transfer controls while in the strait helped lead to the accident, and that the procedures for transferring the controls from one station to another were complicated, further contributing to the confusion. Specifically, the board points to the touchscreens on the bridge, noting that mechanical throttles are generally preferred because “they provide both immediate and tactile feedback to the operator.” The report notes that had mechanical controls been present, the helmsmen would have likely been alerted that there was an issue early on, and recommends that the Navy better adhere to better design standards.

This makes sense. But also, bad UI, whether physical or software is just bad UI.

Following the incident, the Navy conducted fleet-wide surveys, and according to Rear Admiral Bill Galinis, the Program Executive Officer for Ships, personnel indicated that they would prefer mechanical controls.

This user research would have been helpful before the accident.

Touchscreens weren’t the only issue in the collision: the report calls out that several crew members on the bridge at the time weren’t familiar with the systems that they were overseeing and were inexperienced in their roles, and that many were fatigued, with an average of 4.9 hours of sleep between the 14 crew members present. The report recommended that the Navy conduct better training for the bridge systems, update the controls and associated documentation, and ensure that Navy personnel aren’t tired when they’re on the job.

There's also that…

See also: Wikipedia: Boeing 737 Max worldwide grounding

Friday, July 26th 2019

Altra’s Trail Shoe Lineup #

Model Version Stack Height Weight Date Released Image Tread Price
King MT 2.0 19mm 8.7oz (246g) September 5, 2019 $140
Superior 4.0 21mm 7.9oz (224g) December 5, 2018 $110
Lone Peak 4.0 25mm 10.2oz (289g) July 20, 2018 $120
Timp 1.5 29mm 10.5oz (297g) November 28, 2018 $130
Olympus 3.5 33mm 10.7oz (303g) June 20, 2019 $150

Updated: September 2019

Wednesday, July 10th 2019

The UX of Zoom’s Local Web Server Security Hole #

The Verge:

Video conferencing provider Zoom has pushed out an emergency patch to address the zero-day vulnerability for Mac users that could potentially expose a live webcam feed to an attacker, launching you into a Zoom video chat you’d never intended to launch. The move is a surprise reversal of Zoom’s previous stance, in which the company treated the vulnerability as “low risk” and defended its use of a local web server that incidentally exposed Zoom users to potential attacks.


Zoom says it used the local web server to make its service faster and easier to use — in other words, saving you a few mouse clicks. But the server also creates the rare but present possibility that a malicious website could activate your webcam by using an iframe, getting around Safari’s built-in protections.


Second, when Zoom is installed on a Mac device by the user, a limited-functionality web server that can only respond to requests from the local machine is also installed on the device to help launch Zoom meetings. This is a workaround to a change introduced in Safari 12 that requires a user to confirm that they want to start the Zoom client prior to joining every meeting. The local web server enables users to avoid this extra click before joining every meeting. We feel that this is a legitimate solution to a poor user experience problem, enabling our users to have faster, one-click-to-join meetings. We are not alone among video conferencing providers in implementing this solution.

Jason Snell:

My hope is that someone at Zoom got a call from someone at Apple today, indicating that the click-to-confirm Safari feature is intended to be used and that bypassing it is not cool.

Dieter Bohn:

Part of Zoom's response below. Basically: an update to Safari (probably for security?) added an extra click to joining a meeting. So Zoom added a whole damn, undisclosed, running webserver to your computer to Save You A Click. And it isn't sorry.


It's weird to me that Zoom is using UX as a scapegoat for a “feature” that turned into a large security vulnerability. Especially when Apple has been pretty clear about how the UX for this interaction should work through Safari's click-to-confirm.

I would further argue that good UX includes clarification of intent and system status especially when it even remotely concerns anything with video or audio functionality.



Apple has now taken things one step further and pushed out a silent macOS update that removes the web server, reports TechCrunch. The update is deployed automatically, so users don't have to manually apply it in order for it to take effect.

Zoom told TechCrunch it was "happy to have worked with Apple on testing this update" …

I bet.

Tuesday, July 9th 2019

Firefox Accessibility Tools Gain Contrast Checker #

Asa Dotzler (via Zach Wood):

Today we released Firefox 68 with a color contrast audit feature in the dev tools. Before, you could inspect individual elements for color contrast. Firefox now offers a full page color contrast audit that identifies all elements on a page that fail color contrast checks. #a11y

With the addition of the color contrast audit feature in Firefox's dev tools, this will speed up accessibility audits of implemented designs. I'm excited to see more and more tools being updated to improve the process when designing and developing for accessibility. I'd love to see improved plugins or feature support for this stuff in Sketch/Figma/Photoshop.

Also: Tools For Accessibility, The WebAIM Million

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